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William D. Fox

Born

1813
Cumberland, United Kingdom

Died

1881

Fields

Palaeontology

Known for

Discoverer of Polacanthus foxii, Hypsilophodon foxii, Eucamerotus foxii, Iguanodon foxii, Calamosaurus foxii (formerly Calamospondylus) and Aristosuchus

William D. Fox (1813-1881) was an English clergyman and paleontologist who worked on the Isle of Wight and made some significant discoveries of dinosaur fossils.

The Reverend William D. Fox was born in Cumberland. He moved to the Isle of Wight in 1862 to take up the post of curate at the Parish church of St Mary the Virgin in Brixton (now known as Brighstone).[1] He resigned his post in 1867 but continued to live in the area to carry on his collecting. In 1875 he became curate of nearby Kingston, near Shorwell.[2][3]

Although lacking formal scientific training Fox was remarkably astute and discussed his findings with eminent palaeontologists of the day including John Hulke (1830-1895) and Richard Owen. Fox had easy access to Brighstone Bay from his home, Myrtle Cottage in Brighstone, and so spent many an hour collecting fossils, much to the detriment of his pastoral work; in fact, it was said of him at the time, by the wife of the vicar, that it was "always bones first and the parish next". He is also quoted as having written in a letter to Sir Richard Owen "I cannot leave this place while I have any money left to live on, I take such deep [sic] in hunting for old dragons".[4]

In 1882 Fox's collection of more than 500 specimens[5] was acquired by the Natural History Museum after his death.[1]

Fox is credited with the finding of several species, most described by his friend Owen and named by him after their finder. These include Polacanthus foxii, Hypsilophodon foxii, Eucamerotus foxii, Iguanodon foxii, Calamosaurus foxii (formerly Calamospondylus) and Aristosuchus.[1]

Confusion with William Darwin FoxEdit

There is considerable confusion between Fox and his more celebrated contemporary the synonymic Rev. William Darwin Fox (23 April 1805 - 8 April 1880) who was also an amateur scientist and lived and worked on the Isle of Wight at the same time. William Darwin Fox is sometimes ascribed the credit for early dinosaur discoveries. However William Darwin Fox was noted for his geological work, and entomology, but is not recorded as having any particular interest in dinosaurs.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Dinosaur Isle
  2. ^ p15 The Complete Dinosaur by James Orville Farlow, M. K. Brett-Surman
  3. ^ Blows W. T. 1983 William Fox (1813-1881), a neglected dinosaur collector of the Isle of Wight. Archives of Natural History, 11: 299-313
  4. ^ Dinowight
  5. ^ p15 The Complete Dinosaur by James Orville Farlow, M. K. Brett-Surman
  6. ^ http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/ISLE-OF-WIGHT/2005-11/1131047454

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