The Isle of Wight is an English island and county, located 3–5 miles (5–8 km) from the south coast of the mainland, in the English Channel. The island has some exceptional wildlife and is also one of the richest fossil locations for dinosaurs in Europe.
The Isle of Wight is made up of a wide variety of different rock types ranging from Early Cretaceous times (around 127 million years ago) to the middle of the Palaeogene (around 30 million years ago). All the rocks found on the island are sedimentary, made up of mineral grains from previously existing rocks. These are all consolidated to form the rocks that can be seen on the island today, such as limestone, mudstone and sandstone. Rocks on the island are very rich in fossils and many of these can be seen exposed on the beaches as the cliffs erode.
Cretaceous rocks, usually red, show that the climate was previously hot and dry. This provided suitable living conditions for dinosaurs. Dinosaur bones and footprints can be seen around the island's beaches, especially at Yaverland and Compton Bay.