Temple indicates the side of the head behind the eyes. The bone beneath is the temporal bone.
Cladists classify land vertebrates based on the presence of an upper hole, a lower hole, both, or neither in the cover of dermal bone which formerly covered the temporalis muscle. Those with no holes are called anapsida. The muscle whose origin is the temple and whose insertion is the jaw is the temporalis muscle. The brain has a lobe, called the temporal lobe.