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Teleosauridae
Fossil range: Early Jurassic - Early Cretaceous
Pelagosaurus BW
Pelagosaurus
Scientific classification

Class:

Sauropsida

Subclass:

Diapsida

Infraclass:

Archosauromorpha

Suborder:

Thalattosuchia

Family:

Teleosauridae

Genera:

The teleosaurids were marine crocodyliforms similar to the modern gharial that during the Early Jurassic to the Early Cretaceous. They had long snouts, indicative of piscivory (fish eating) and were the closest relatives to the Metriorhynchidae, the Mesozoic crocodilians that returned to the sea and evolved paddle-like forelimbs and a fish-like tail.

Geographical distribution Edit

The family has a wide geographic distribution, with material found in Africa (Ethiopia, Madagascar and Morocco), Europe (Austria, England, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Russia and Switzerland), North America (Oregon), South America (Argentina), India and possibly China.[2][3][4][5][6][7]

GeneraEdit

Genus Status Age Location Description

Junior synonym.

Junior synonym of Steneosaurus

Valid.

Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous.

Junior synonym.

Junior synonym of Steneosaurus

Junior synonym.

Junior synonym of Steneosaurus

Valid.

Early Jurassic

Asia

May not be a teleosaurid.

Valid.

Early Jurassic.

Europe.

Lapsus calami.

Probable lapsus calami of Pelagosaurus

Valid.

Early Jurassic.

Europe.

Junior synonym.

Junior synonym of Steneosaurus.

Valid.

Early Jurassic-Early Cretaceous

Africa and Europe

Valid.

Middle Jurassic.

Europe.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Fitzinger LJFJ. 1843. Systema Reptilium. Wien: Braumüller et Seidel, 106 pp.
  2. ^ Steel R. 1973. Crocodylia. Handbuch der Paläoherpetologie, Teil 16. Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer Verlag,116 pp.
  3. ^ Bardet N, Hua S. 1996. Simolestes nowackianus HUENE, 1938 from the Late Jurassic of Ethiopia is a teleosaurid crocodile, not a pliosaur. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Monatschefte 1996: 65-71.
  4. ^ Buffetaut E. 1979. Jurassic marine crocodilians (Mesosuchia, Teleosauridae) from central Oregon; first record in North America. Journal of Paleontology 53 (1):10-215.
  5. ^ Owen R. 1852. Note on the crocodilians remains accompanying Dr. T.L. Bell's paper on Kotah. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 8: 233.
  6. ^ Delfino M, Dal Sasso C. 2006. Marine reptiles (Thalattosuchia) from the Early Jurassic of Lombardy (northern Italy). Geobios 39 (3): 346-354.
  7. ^ Storrs GW, Efimov MB. 2000. Mesozoic crocodyliformes of north-central Eurasia. In: Benton M, Shishkin MA, Unwin DM, Kurichkin EN (eds). The Age of Dinosauria in Russia and Mongolia. P. 402-419, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

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