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Saurophaganax

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Saurophaganax
Fossil range: Late Jurassic
Saurophaganax
Saurophaganax vs Apatosaurus
Scientific classification

Kingdom:

Animalia

Phylum:

Chordata

Class:

Sauropsida

Superorder:

Dinosauria

Order:

Saurischia

Suborder:

Theropoda

Infraorder:

Carnosauria

Superfamily:

Allosauroidea

Family:

Allosauridae

Genus:

Saurophaganax
Chure, 1995

Species:

  • S. maximus Chure, 1995 (type)

Saurophaganax ("lizard-eating master") is a genus of allosaurid dinosaur from the Morrison Formation of Jurassic North America. Some paleontologists consider it to be a species of Allosaurus (A. maximus). Saurophaganax represents a very large (10.9 meters (36 ft) long)[1] Morrison allosaurid characterized by horizontal laminae at the bases of the dorsal neural spines above the transverse processes, and "meat-chopper" chevrons.[2]

Much material previously referred to Saurophagus maximus is actually referable to Saurophaganax maximus. The new genus is needed because the original type specimen of Saurophagus maximus is not diagnostic, whereas the material described by Dan Chure is. Note that the type species Saurophaganax maximus is not to be considered conspecific with Saurophagus maximus (which is a nomen dubium), so Saurophaganax is not a renaming of Saurophagus.[3]

Saurophaganax is the official state fossil of Oklahoma,[4] and a large skeleton of Saurophaganax can be seen in the Jurassic hall in the Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History. Although the best known Saurophaganax material was found in the panhandle of Oklahoma, possible Saurophaganax material, including a femur, several tail vertebrae, and a hip bone, have been found in northern New Mexico.

Discovery and namingEdit

Ecology Edit

Saurophaganax was the largest carnivore of Late Jurassic North America. The fossils known of Saurophaganax (both the possible New Mexican material and the Oklahoma material) are known from the latest part of the Morrison formation, suggesting that they were either always uncommon or appeared rather late in the fossil record. Saurophaganax was large for an allosaurid, and bigger than both its contemporaries Torvosaurus tanneri and Allosaurus fragilis. Being much rarer than its contemporaries, making up one percent or less of the Morrison theropod fauna, not much about its behavior is known.

Allosaurus vs. Saurophaganax Edit

The identification of Saurophaganax is a matter of dispute. It has been described as its own genus,[3] or as a species of Allosaurus (A. maximus).[5] The most recent review of basal tetanurans accepted Saurophaganx as a distinct genus.[6] New possible Saurophaganax material from New Mexico may clear up the status of Saurophaganax.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mortimer, Mickey (2003-07-21). "And the Largest Theropod Is....". The Dinosaur Mailing List. http://dml.cmnh.org/2003Jul/msg00355.html. Retrieved on 2007-09-08. 
  2. ^ Glut, Donald F. (1997). "Saurophagus". Dinosaurs: The Encyclopedia. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co. pp. 793–794. ISBN 0-89950-917-7. 
  3. ^ a b Chure, Daniel J. (1995). "A reassessment of the gigantic theropod Saurophagus maximus from the Morrison Formation (Upper Jurassic) of Oklahoma, USA". in A. Sun and Y. Wang (eds.). Sixth Symposium on Mesozoic Terrestrial Ecosystems and Biota, Short Papers. Beijing: China Ocean Press. pp. 103–106. 
  4. ^ "OK State Symbols". OkInsider.com. Oklahoma Publishing Today. 2006. http://www.okinsider.com/kidsonly04.oki. Retrieved on 2007-12-27. 
  5. ^ Smith, David K. (1998). "A morphometric analysis of Allosaurus". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 18 (1): 126–142. 
  6. ^ Holtz, Thomas R., Jr.; Molnar, Ralph E.; and Currie, Philip J. (2004). Weishampel, David B.; Dodson, Peter; and Osmólska, Halszka (eds.). ed. The Dinosauria (2nd ed. ed.). Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 71–110. ISBN 0-520-24209-2. 
  • The World Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Creatures by Dougal Dixon
  • Jurassic West

External linksEdit

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