The Paleontological Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences (PIN; Russian: Палеонтологический институт РАН) in Moscow is among the world's largest paleontological institutes. It was founded in 1930. An affiliate of the Russian Academy of Sciences, it includes collections from all over the former Soviet Union, as well as from other countries.
- Main article: Orlov Museum
The Museum of Paleontology named after Yuri Alexandrovich Orlov is run by the Institute, and contains public exhibits representing almost every type of fossil organism. Particularly well represented are dinosaurs from Mongolia, therapsids from the Perm region of Russia, and Precambrian fossils from Siberia.