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Dinosaur supertree
A phylogeny of most dinosaurs and major clades, illustrating the enormous diversity of dinosaurs.
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This list of dinosaurs is a comprehensive listing of all genera that have ever been included in the superorder Dinosauria, excluding class Aves (birds, both living and those known only from fossils) and purely vernacular terms. The list includes all commonly accepted genera, but also genera that are now considered invalid, doubtful (nomen dubium), or were not formally published (nomen nudum), as well as junior synonyms of more established names, and genera that are no longer considered dinosaurs. Many listed dinosaurs have since been reclassified as everything from birds to crocodilians to petrified wood. The list contains 1237 names, of which approximately 833 are considered either valid dinosaur genera or nomina dubia.

Scope and terminology Edit

There is no official, canonical list of dinosaur genera. The closest is the Dinosaur Genera List, compiled by biological nomenclature expert George Olshevsky, which was first published online in 1995 and is regularly updated. The most authoritative general source in the field is the second (2004) edition of The Dinosauria. The vast majority of citations are based on Olshevsky's list, and all subjective determinations (such as junior synonymy or non-dinosaurian status) are based on The Dinosauria, except where they conflict with primary literature. These exceptions are noted.

Naming conventions and terminology follow the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Technical terms used include:

  • Junior synonym: A name which describes the same taxon as a previously published name. If two or more genera are formally designated and the type specimens are later assigned to the same genus, the first to be published (in chronological order) is the senior synonym, and all other instances are junior synonyms. Senior synonyms are generally used, except by special decision of the ICZN (see Tyrannosaurus), but junior synonyms cannot be used again, even if deprecated. Junior synonymy is often subjective, unless the genera described were both based on the same type specimen.
  • Nomen nudum (Latin for "naked name"): A name that has appeared in print but has not yet been formally published by the standards of the ICZN. Nomina nuda (the plural form) are invalid, and are therefore not italicized as a proper generic name would be. If the name is later formally published, that name is no longer a nomen nudum and will be italicized on this list. Often, the formally published name will differ from any nomina nuda that describe the same specimen.
  • Nomen oblitum (Latin for "forgotten name"): A name that has not been used in the scientific community for more than fifty years after its original proposal.
  • Preoccupied name: A name that is formally published, but which has already been used for another taxon. This second use is invalid (as are all subsequent uses) and the name must be replaced. Preoccupied names are not valid generic names.
  • Nomen dubium (Latin for "dubious name"): A name describing a fossil with no unique diagnostic features. As this can be an extremely subjective and controversial designation (see Hadrosaurus), this term is not used on this list.

A Edit

Genus
Author
Year
Status
Fossil Range
Geographic Range
Notes
AachenosaurusSmets1888Valid.Late CretaceousEuropeA hadrosaur.
"Abdallahsaurus"Maier2003Nomen nudumLate JurassicAfricaNever formally described, but most likely synonymous with Brachiosaurus or Giraffatitan.
AbelisaurusBonaparte
Novas
1985ValidLate CretaceousS. America
AbrictosaurusHopson1975ValidEarly JurassicAfricaOriginally a species of Lycorhinus. Has some significance in the debate over sexual dimorphism in heterodontosaurids.
AbrosaurusOuyang1989ValidMiddle JurassicAsiaType species named after 11th century Chinese poet.
AcanthopholisHuxley1867ValidEarly CretaceousEurope
AchelosaurusM. J. Ryan
A. P. Russell
D. A. Eberth
Currie
2001InvalidMisspelling of Achelousaurus.[1]
AchelousaurusSampson1995ValidLate CretaceousN. America
AchillesaurusMartinelli and Vera2007ValidLate CretaceousArgentina
AchillobatorPerle, Norell, & Clark1999ValidLate CretaceousMongolia
"Acracanthus"InvalidOriginal invalid name of Acrocanthosaurus.
AcrocanthosaurusStovall & Langston1950ValidEarly CretaceousNorth America
ActiosaurusNomina dubiumJurassicFranceProbably an ichthyosaur.
AdamantisaurusSantucci & Bertini2006ValidLate CretaceousSouth AmericaKnown from only six tail vertebrae.
AdasaurusBarsbold1983ValidLate CretaceousCentral Asia
AdeopapposaurusMartínez2009ValidEarly JurassicArgentinaThe fossils now referred to this genus were first thought to represent South American examples of Massospondylus.
AegyptosaurusStromer1932ValidMiddle CretaceousAfrica
AeolosaurusPowell1987ValidLate CretaceousSouth America
AepisaurusGervais1852ValidEarly CretaceousFranceAn obscure genus from an unknown family, represented by a single humerus, now lost. It has been misspelled several ways in the scientific literature, with multiple dates given to the year of description as well.
AerosteonSereno et al.2009ValidLate CretaceousArgentinaThe fossils show evidence of a bird-like respiratory system.[2]
AetonyxBroom1911Nomina dubiumEarly JurassicSouth AfricaPossible junior synonym of Massospondylus.
AfrovenatorSereno et al.1994ValidEarly CretaceousNorth Africa
AgathaumasCope1872ValidLate CretaceousWyomingThe first ceratopsian whose remains were found and described by a paleontologist.
AggiosaurusAmbayrac1913Misident.Late JurassicFranceActually a metriorhynchid crocodilian.
AgilisaurusPeng1990ValidMiddle JurassicChina
AgnosphitysFraser et al.2002DisputedLate TriassicEnglandIt may be a chimera.
AgrosaurusSeeley1891DisputedTriassicAustraliaThe name Agrosaurus is now generally considered to be a nomen dubium or a junior synonym of Thecodontosaurus.
AgujaceratopsLucas, Sullivan & Hunt2006ValidLate CretaceousTexasOriginally known as Chasmosaurus mariscalensis and described by Lehman in 1989, it was moved to a new genus by Lucas, Sullivan and Hunt in 2006.
AgustiniaBonaparte1999ValidEarly CretaceousSouth America
"Airakoraptor"Perle, Norell & Clark1999nomen nudumLate CretaceousMongolia
AlamosaurusGilmore1922ValidLate CretaceousNew Mexico
"Alashansaurus"nomen nudumEarly CretacousMongoliaNow known as Shaochilong.
AlaskacephaleSullivan2006ValidLate CretaceousAlaskaThe genus name refers to Alaska, where the fossil was found in the Prince Creek Formation.
AlbertaceratopsRyan2007ValidLate Cretaceous|AlbertaThis genus is unusual in combining long brow horns with an otherwise centrosaurine skull, as centrosaurines normally possess short brow horns.
AlbertonykusLongrich & Currie2008ValidLate CretaceousAlbertaThe smallest known alvarezsaurid ever discovered in North America
AlbertosaurusOsborn1905ValidLate CretaceousNorth America
AlbisaurusFritsch1893nomen dubiumCzech RepublicA non-dinosaurian reptile.
AlectrosaurusGilmore1933ValidLate CretaceousInner Mongolia
AletopeltaKirkland & Ford2001ValidLate CretaceousCalifornia
AlgoasaurusBroom1904ValidLate Jurassic-Early CretaceousSouth Africa
AlioramusKurzanov1976Late CretaceousAsia
AliwaliaJunior synonymLate TriassicSouth AfricaJunior synonym of Eucnemesaurus.
AllosaurusMarsh1877ValidLate JurassicNorth America
Portugal
Tanzania
AlocodonThulborn1973nomen dubiumMiddle JurassicPortugal
AltirhinusNorman1998ValidEarly CretaceousMongolia
AltispinaxHuene1923nomen dubiumEarly CretaceousEurope
AlvarezsaurusBonaparte1991ValidLate CretaceousArgentinaPossibly a bird.
AlwalkeriaChatterjee & Creisler1994ValidLate TriassicIndia
AlxasaurusRussell & Dong1993ValidEarly CretaceousInner Mongolia
AmargasaurusSalgado & Bonaparte1991ValidEarly CretaceousSouth America
AmargatitanisApesteguía2007ValidEarly CretaceousArgentina
AmazonsaurusCarvalho et al.2003ValidEarly CretaceousSouth America
AmmosaurusMarsh1889ValidEarly-Middle JurassicNorth America
AmpelosaurusLe Loeuff1995ValidLate CretaceousEurope
AmphicoeliasCope1878ValidLate JurassicNorth AmericaBased on surviving descriptions of a single fossil bone, A. fragillimus may have been the longest known vertebrate at 40–60 meters (131–196 ft) in length.
"Amphicoelicaudia"nomen nudumLate CretaceousChinaPossibly Huabeisaurus.
"Amphisaurus"preoccupiedEarly JurassicNorth Americapreoccupied name, now known as Anchisaurus.
AmtosaurusKurzanov & Tumanova1978ValidLate CretaceousMongoliaPossibly Talarurus.
AmurosaurusBolotsky & Kurzanov1991ValidLate CretaceousEast Asia
AmygdalodonCabrera1947Validnomen dubiumSouth America
AnabisetiaCoria & Calvo2002ValidLate CretaceousPatagonia
AnasazisaurusHunt and Lucas1993ValidLate CretaceousNew Mexico
AnatosaurusLull & Wright1942Junior synonymLate CretaceousNorth AmericaJunior synonym of Edmontosaurus.
AnatotitanChapman & Brett-Surman1990ValidLate CretaceousNorth America
AnchiceratopsBrown1914ValidLate CretaceousNorth America
AnchiornisXu et al.2009ValidEarly Cretaceous?Liaoning, China
AnchisaurusMarsh1885ValidEarly JurassicNorth America
AndesaurusCalvo & Bonaparte1991ValidLate CretaceousSouth America
Archaeopteryx-model
Model of Archaeopteryx.
Meghunter99Added by Meghunter99
Aucasaurus dinosaur
Artist's restoration of a trio of Aucasaurus.
Meghunter99Added by Meghunter99

B Edit

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZSee also

C Edit

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D Edit

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Laelaps-Charles Knight-1896
The painting Laelaps by Charles Knight, depicting two Dryptosaurus fighting.
Meghunter99Added by Meghunter99

E Edit

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZSee also

F Edit

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZSee also
Fukuiraptor BW
Life restoration of Fukuiraptor.
Meghunter99Added by Meghunter99

G Edit

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZSee also

H Edit

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZSee also
Hadrosaurus
Early sketch of Hadrosaurus.
Meghunter99Added by Meghunter99
Huayangosaurus
Drawing of Huayangosaurus.
Meghunter99Added by Meghunter99

I Edit

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZSee also

J Edit

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K Edit

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L Edit

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M Edit

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N Edit

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZSee also

O Edit

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZSee also
Ornitholestes
Ornitholestes sketch.
Meghunter99Added by Meghunter99

P Edit

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZSee also

Q Edit

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R Edit

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S Edit

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T Edit

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZSee also
Palais de la Decouverte Tyrannosaurus rex p1050042
Tyrannosaurus skull.
Meghunter99Added by Meghunter99

U Edit

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZSee also

V Edit

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZSee also
Velociraptor dinoguy2
Drawing of a Velociraptor.
Meghunter99Added by Meghunter99

W Edit

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZSee also

X Edit

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZSee also

Y Edit

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZSee also
Yunnanosaurus BW
Artist's restoration of Yunnanosaurus.
Meghunter99Added by Meghunter99

Z Edit

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZSee also

See also Edit

Notes Edit

Uncited genera names can be attributed to Olshevsky, 2007. Dalianraptor is listed by Olshevsky, but omitted from this list, since it has not been described as a dinosaur in a published source.

  1. ^ Ryan, M.J., A.P. Russell, D.A. Eberth & P.J. Currie 2001. The Taphonomy of a Centrosaurus (Ornithischia: Certopsidae) Bone Bed from the Dinosaur Park Formation (Upper Campanian), Alberta, Canada, with Comments on Cranial Ontogeny. Palaios 16 (5): 482–506.
  2. ^ Sereno PC, Martinez RN, Wilson JA, Varricchio DJ, Alcober OA, et al. (Published online Sept 2009). "Evidence for Avian Intrathoracic Air Sacs in a New Predatory Dinosaur from Argentina.". PLoS ONE 3 (9): e3303. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003303. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0003303. Retrieved on 2008-09-29. 
  3. ^ Taylor, M. (12 February 2005). Re: Raptor Red and Heyday Of The Giants. Dinosaur Mailing List.
  4. ^ Williams, T. (13 February 2005). Re: Raptor Red and Heyday Of The Giants. Dinosaur Mailing List.
  5. ^ Wagner, Jonathan R.; Lehman, Thomas M. (2009). "An Enigmatic New Lambeosaurine Hadrosaur (Reptilia: Dinosauria) from the Upper Shale Member of the Campanian Aguja Formation of Trans-Pecos Texas". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 29 (2): 605–611. doi:10.1671/039.029.0208. 
  6. ^ Zhang Xingliao; et al. (2009). "A New Sauropod Dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous Gaogou Formation of Nanyang, Henan Province". Acta Geologica Sinica 83: 212. doi:10.1111/j.1755-6724.2009.00032.x. 
  7. ^ Peter J. Makovicky, Daqing Li, Ke-Qin Gao, Matthew Lewin, Gregory M. Erickson & Mark A. Norell: A giant ornithomimosaur from the Early Cretaceous of China. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Abstract
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Lambert, D. 1993. "A to Z of Dinosaurs" In: The Ultimate Dinosaur Book. Dorling Kindersley.
  9. ^ Worth, G. (Ed.). N.d. Chondrosteus. In: The Dinosaur Encyclopedia. Retrieved March 16, 2009. Attributes misspelling to Huene, F. von. 1907–1908. Die Dinosaurier der europaischen Triasformation mit Beriicksichtigung der aussereuropaischen Vorkominnisse. Geol. Paleontol. Abhandl. Suppl. 1, pp. 1–419.
  10. ^ a b c d Nesbitt, S.J., R.B. Irmis & W.G. Parker 2007. A Critical Re-Evaluation Of The Late Triassic Dinosaur Taxa Of North America. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 5: 209-243.
  11. ^ You, H.-L., Li, D.-Q., Zhou, L.-Q., and Ji, Q. (2008). "Daxiatitan binglingi: a giant sauropod dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous of China." Gansu Geology, 17(4): 1-10.
  12. ^ a b Ukrainsky A.S. (2009). SINONIMIYa RODOV NEDOCERATOPS UKRAINSKY, 2007 I DICERATUS MATEUS, 2008 (REPTILIA: ORNITHISCHIA: CERATOPIDAE) [Synonymy of the Genera Nedoceratops Ukrainsky, 2007 and Diceratus Mateus, 2008 (Reptilia: Ornithischia: Ceratopidae)]. Paleontologicheskii zhurnal 2009(1), 108.
  13. ^ a b c Mateus, O (2008). "Two ornithischian dinosaurs renamed: Microceratops Bohlin 1953 and Diceratops Lull 1905". Journal of Paleontology 82 (2): 423. doi:10.1666/07-069.1. 
  14. ^ a b Sereno, P.C. and Brusatte, S.L. 2008. "Basal abelisaurid and carcharodontosaurid theropods from the Lower Cretaceous Elrhaz Formation of Niger". Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 53 (1): 15–46.
  15. ^ Lu Junchang; Li Tianguang; Zhong Shimin; Ji Qiang; and Li Shaoxue (2008). "A new mamenchisaurid dinosaur from the Middle Jurassic of Yuanmou, Yunnan Province, China". Acta Geologica Sinica 82 (1): 17–26. 
  16. ^ Alifanov, V.R. & A.O. Averianov 2003. Палеонтология: Ферганозавр Верзилина. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology Vol. 23. №2. pp. 358-372.
  17. ^ Smith, Nathan D.; and Pol, Diego (2007). "Anatomy of a basal sauropodomorph dinosaur from the Early Jurassic Hanson Formation of Antarctica" (PDF). Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 52 (4): 657–674. http://www.app.pan.pl/acta52/app52-657.pdf. 
  18. ^ Jin Liyong; et al. (2009). "A New Basal Neoceratopsian Dinosaur from the Middle Cretaceous of Jilin Province, China". Acta Geologica Sinica 83: 200. doi:10.1111/j.1755-6724.2009.00023.x. 
  19. ^ a b c Rana, A.N. 2006. Country’s first dinosaur fossils. DAWN March 25, 2006.
  20. ^ Hans-Dieter Sues, and Alexander Averianov: A new basal hadrosauroid dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of Uzbekistan and the early radiation of duck-billed dinosaurs. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Abstract
  21. ^ Mateus, Octávio; Maidment, Susannah C.R.; Christiansen, Nicolai A. (2009). "A new long-necked 'sauropod-mimic' stegosaur and the evolution of the plated dinosaurs". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 276: 1815. doi:10.1098/rspb.2008.1909. 
  22. ^ Henderson (2005). "Nano No More: The death of the pygmy tyrant." In: "The origin, systematics, and paleobiology of Tyrannosauridae”, a symposium hosted jointly by Burpee Museum of Natural History and Northern Illinois University.
  23. ^ Filippi, L.S.; and Garrido, A.C. (2008). "Pitekunsaurus macayai gen. et sp. nov., new titanosaur (Saurischia, Sauropoda) from Upper Cretaceous Neuquén Basin, Argentina". Ameghiniana 45 (3): 575–590. 
  24. ^ a b Godefroit, P., Hai, S., Yu, T., and Lauters, P. (2008). "New hadrosaurid dinosaurs from the uppermost Cretaceous of north−eastern China". Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 53 (1): 47–74.
  25. ^ Olshevsky, G. (February 9 2001). Sauropodus. Dinosaur Mailing List.
  26. ^ This is not a hoax but a pre-Linnaean name, like Rutellum, applied to what would now be recognized as a theropod, perhaps Megalosaurus. For additional information, please see George Olshevsky's Dinosaur Genera List, The Theropod Database, or Dinogenera (French).
  27. ^ Chiappe, Luis M.; Dyke, Gareth J. (2006). "The Early Evolutionary History of Birds". Journal of the Paleontological Society of Korea 22 (1): 133–151. 
  28. ^ Buffetaut, E.; Suteethorn, V.; Tong, H.; and Amiot, R. (2008). Geological Magazine. 145. pp. 745–748. 
  29. ^ Canudo, J. I., Royo-Torres, R. & Cuenca-Bescós, G. (2007) "A new Titanosauriformes sauropod: Tastavinsaurus sanzi gen. et sp. nov. from the Early Cretaceous (Aptian) of Spain". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology
  30. ^ Worth, G. (Ed.). N.d. Tenchisaurus. In: The Dinosaur Encyclopedia. Retrieved March 16, 2009. Attributes misspelling to a Japanese guide to a Chinese dinosaur exhibit, 1981. And also to Glut, 1982.
  31. ^ "Japanese theropod nomen nudum extravaganza" Dinosaur Mailing List.
  32. ^ Malkani, M.S. 2006. First rostrum of carnivorous Vitakridrinda (Abelisaurid Theropod Dinosaur) found from the latest Cretaceous Dinosaur Beds (Vitakri) Member of PAB formation, Alam Kali Kakor Locality of Vitakri area, Barkhan District, Balochistan, Pakistan.PDF (855 KB) Sindh University Research Journal (Science Series) 38(2): 7–26.
  33. ^ Michael Hopkin.(14 November 2007). "Dinosaur discovered after a century on the shelf". Nature News. Nature Publishing Group. Retrieved 15 November 2007
  34. ^ Daqing Li, Mark A. Norell, Ke-Qin Gao, Nathan D. Smith, and Peter J. Makovicky: A longirostrine tyrannosauroid from the Early Cretaceous of China. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Abstract


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