Fossil range: Late Carboniferous
Capetus, a basal temnospondyl
| Scientific classification
Capetus is an extinct genus of temnospondyl from the Upper Carboniferous of the Czech Republic. The Nýřany desposits of the Czech Republic are one of the richest Upper Carboniferous fossil sites in the world, yielding at least 700 tetrapod fossils, discovered from the 1870s onwards. Previously, Capetus was regarded by some authors as an edopoid, close either to Edops or to the cochleosaurids, but recent studies have shown that it is not an edopoid, being closer to Balanerpeton.
Capetus was apparently rare in the Nýřany fauna, with only eight fossils out of 700 from the Nýřany assemblage belonging to this taxon.
Capetus had a fairly broad head with a deep posterior lower jaw; its skull was about 40 cm long, suggesting a total length of approximately 1.5 meters.
- ^ (Steyer et al. 2006)
- Sequeira, S. E. K. & Milner, A. R. 1993. The temnospondyl amphibian Capetus from the Upper Carboniferous of the Czech Republic. Palaeontology 36, 657-680.
- Steyer, J. S., Damiani, R., Sidor, C. A., O'Keefe, R., Larsson, H. C. E., Maga, A. & Ide, O. 2006. The vertebrate fauna of the Upper Permian of Niger. IV. Nigerpeton ricqlesi (Temnospondyli: Cochleosauridae), and the edopoid colonization of Gondwana. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 26, 18-28.