Fossil range: Permian
| Scientific classification
The type species is Aelurognathus tigriceps, originally named Scymnognathus tigriceps by South African paleontologists Robert Broom and Sydney H. Haughton in 1913, and later assigned to the new genus Aelurognathus by Haughton in 1924. Gebauer (2007) erected five new species of Aelurognathus, all of which were previously assigned to other genera: Aelurognathus alticeps, Aelurognathus broodiei, Aelurognathus ferox, Aelurognathus kingwilli, and Aelurognathus maccabei.
Scymnognathus parringtoni von Huene, 1950, previously assigned to Aelurognathus, is now classified as a species of Sauroctonus.