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            List of years in paleontology       (table)
 1993 .  1994 .  1995 .  1996  . 1997  . 1998  . 1999 
2000 2001 2002 -2003- 2004 2005 2006
 2007 .  2008 .  2009 .  2010  . 2011  . 2012  . 2013 

Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils. This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, coprolites, palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 2003.

DinosaursEdit

Newly named dinosaursEdit

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[1] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[2]

Name Status Authors Notes Images
Abdallahsaurus[3]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

Blancocerosaurus[4]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

Amazonsaurus[5] Valid taxon
  • Carvalho
  • Avilla
  • Salgado
Antetonitrus[6] Valid taxon
  • Yates
  • Kitching
Aviatyrannis[7] Valid taxon
  • Rauhut
Bainoceratops[8] Valid taxon
  • Tereschenko
  • Alifanov
Brohisaurus Valid taxon
  • Malkani
Colepiocephale[9] Valid taxon
  • Sullivan
"Domeykosaurus" Nomen nudum

Rubilar-Rogers and Vargas vide:

  • Anonymous in May 29, 2003 Reuters news reports.
Dromaeosauroides[10] Valid taxon
  • Christiansen
  • Bonde
Equijubus[11] Valid taxon
  • You
  • Luo
  • Shubin
  • Witmer
  • Tang Z.
  • Tang F.
Ferganasaurus[12] Valid taxon
  • Alifanov
  • Averianov
Fukuisaurus[13] Valid taxon
  • Kobayashi
  • Azuma
Gobititan[14] Valid taxon
  • You
  • Tang F.
  • Luo
"Godzillasaurus" Misspelling of Gojirasaurus
  • Ikejiri
Hanssuesia[15] Valid taxon
  • Sullivan
Heyuannia[16] Valid taxon
Hongshanosaurus[17] Valid taxon
  • You
  • Xu X.
  • Wang X.
Isisaurus[18] Valid taxon
  • Upchurch
Issasaurus[3]

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Dicraeosaurus

Lamaceratops[19] Valid taxon
  • Alifanov
Ligomasaurus[3]

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

Lusotitan[20] Valid taxon
  • Antunes
  • Mateus
Magnirostris[21] Valid taxon
  • You
"Medusaceratops" Nomen ex dissertatione; later named Albertaceratops
  • Ryan
Mendozasaurus[22] Valid taxon
  • González-Riga (as González Riga)
Mohammadisaurus[3]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Tornieria

Mtapaiasaurus[3]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

Mtotosaurus[3]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Dicraeosaurus

Nteregosaurus[3]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Janenschia

Nyororosaurus[3]

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Dicraeosaurus

Olorotitan[23] Valid taxon
  • Godefroit
  • Bolotsky
  • Alifanov
Platyceratops[19] Valid taxon
  • Alifanov
Rajasaurus[24] Valid taxon
  • Khosla
  • Sahni
Rinconsaurus[25] Valid taxon
  • Calvo
  • González-Riga (as González Riga)
Salimosaurus[3]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

Selimanosaurus[3]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Dicraeosaurus

Serendipaceratops[26] Valid taxon
  • T. Rich
  • Vickers-Rich
Shenzhousaurus[27] Valid taxon
  • Gao K.
  • Ji S.
  • Yuan
Shuangmiaosaurus[28] Valid taxon
  • You
  • Ji Q.
  • Li J.
  • Li Y. X.
Silesaurus[29] Valid taxon
  • Dzik
Sinornithomimus[30] Valid taxon
  • Kobayashi
Sphaerotholus[31] Possible junior synonym of Prenocephale
  • Williamson

Carr

Wangonisaurus[3]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

Yixianosaurus[32] Valid taxon
  • Xu X.
  • Wang X.
Zalmoxes[33] Valid taxon
  • Weishampel
  • Jianu
  • Csiki
  • Norman
Zupaysaurus[34] Valid taxon
  • Arcucci
  • Coria

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". http://www.polychora.com/dinolist.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-07. 
  2. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database". http://www.barry.edu/bio300/pdf/montague%20dino%20web%20data%2012-3-2005.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-10-29. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Maier, G. 2003. African dinosaurs unearthed: the Tendaguru expeditions. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IA (512 pages).
  4. ^ Maier, G. 1997. Tendaguru. In: Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs (J.Currie and K.Padian, eds.). Academic Press, San Diego, California/London, UK: pp.725-726.
  5. ^ de Souza Carvalho, I., L. dos Santos Avilla, and L. Salgado. 2003. Amazonsaurus maranhensis gen. et sp. nov. (Sauropoda, Diplodocoidea) from the Lower Cretaceous (Aptian–Albian) of Brazil. Cretaceous Research 24 (6): pp. 697-713.
  6. ^ Yates, A.M. and J.W. Kitching. 2003. The earliest known sauropod dinosaur and the first steps towards sauropod locomotion. Proceedings: Biological Sciences DOI 10.1098/rspb. 2003: p. 2417 (Antetonitrus ingenipes).
  7. ^ Rauhut, O.W.M. 2003. A tyrannosauroid dinosaur from the Upper Jurassic of Portugal Palaeontology 46 (5): p. 903.
  8. ^ Tereschenko, V.S. and V.R. Alifanov. 2003. Bainoceratops efremovi, a New Protoceratopid Dinosaur (Protoceratopidae, Neoceratopsia) from the Bain-Dzak Locality (South Mongolia). Abstract in: Paleontological Journal 37: p. 3.
  9. ^ Sullivan, R.M. 2003. Revision of the dinosaur Stegoceras Lambe (Ornithischia, Pachycephalosauridae): Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 23 (1): pp. 181-207.
  10. ^ Christiansen, P. N. Bonde. 2003. The first dinosaur from Denmark. Neues Jahrbuch der Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen 227 (2): pp. 287–299.
  11. ^ You. H.L., Z.-X. Luo, N.H. Shubin, L.M. Witmer, Z.- L. Tang, and F. Tang. 2003. The earliest-known duck-billed dinosaur from deposits of late Early Cretaceous age in northwest China and hadrosaur evolution. Cretaceous Research 24 (2003): pp. 347–355.
  12. ^ Alifanov, V.R. and A.O. Averianov. 2003. Ferganasaurus verzilini gen. et sp. nov., a new neosauropod (Dinosauria, Saurischia, Sauropoda) from the Middle Jurassic of Fergana Valley, Kirghizia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 23 (2): pp. 358-372.
  13. ^ Kobayashi, Y., and Y. Azuma. 2003. A new iguanodontian (Dinosauria: ornithopoda) from the Lower Cretaceous Kitadani Formation of Fukui Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 23 (1): pp. 166-175.
  14. ^ You, H.-L., F. Tang, and Z.-X. Luo. 2003. A New Basal Titanosaur (Dinosauria: Sauropoda) from the Early Cretaceous of China. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 77 (4): pp. 424-429.
  15. ^ Sullivan, R.M. 2003. Revision of the dinosaur Stegoceras Lambe (Ornithischia, Pachycephalosauridae). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 23 (1): pp. 181-207.
  16. ^ Lu, J. [2002 / 2003]. A new oviraptorosaurid (Theropoda: Oviraptorosauria) from the Late Cretaceous of southern China. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 22 (4): pp. 871-875.
  17. ^ You, H.L., X. Xu, and X.-L. Wang. 2003. A new genus of Psittacosauridae (Dinosauria: Ornithopoda) and the origin and early evolution of marginocephalian dinosaurs. Acta Geologica Sinica 77 (1):pp. 15-20.
  18. ^ Wilson, J.A. and P. Upchurch. 2003. A revision of Titanosaurus Lydekker (Dinosauria- Sauropoda), the first dinosaur genus with a "Gondwanan" distribution. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 1 (3).
  19. ^ a b Alifanov, V.R. 2003. Two new dinosaurs of the infraorder neoceratopsia (Ornithischia) from the Upper Cretaceous of the Nemegt Depression, Mongolian People's Republic. Paleontological Journal 37 (5): pp. 524-534.
  20. ^ Telles Antunes, M. and O. Mateus. 2003. Dinosaurs of Portugal. Comptes Rendus Palevol. 2: pp. 77-95.
  21. ^ You, H.-L. and Z. Dong. 2003. A new Protoceratopsid (Dinosauria: Neoceratopsia) from the Late Cretaceous of Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 77 (3): pp. 299-303.
  22. ^ González Riga, B.J. 2003. A new titanosaur (Dinosauria, Sauropoda) from the Upper Cretaceous of Mendoza Province, Argentina. Ameghiniana 40 (2): pp. 155-172.
  23. ^ Godefroit, P., Y. Bolotsky, and V. Alifanov. 2003. A remarkable hollow-crested hadrosaur from Russia: an Asian origin for lambeosaurines. C. R. Palevol 2 (2): pp. 143–151.
  24. ^ Wilson, J.A., P.C. Sereno, S. Srivastava, D.K. Bhatt, A. Khosla, and A. Sahni. 2003. A new abelisaurid (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from the Lameta Formation (Cretaceous, Maastrichtian) of India. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology [University of Michigan] 31 (1): pp. 1- 42.
  25. ^ Calvo, J.O. and B.J.G. Gonzalez Riga. 2003. Rinconsaurus caudamirus gen. et sp nov., a new titanosaurid (Dinosauria, Sauropoda) from the Late Cretaceous of Patagonia, Argentina. Revista Geologica de Chile 30 (2): pp. 333-353.
  26. ^ Rich, T.H. and P. Vickers-Rich. 2003. Protoceratopsian? ulnae from the Early Cretaceous of Australia. Records of the Queen Victoria Museum no. 113.
  27. ^ Ji Q., M.A. Norell, P.J. Makovicky, K.-Q Gao, S.-A. Ji, and C. Yuan. 2003. An early ostrich dinosaur and implications for ornithomimosaur phylogeny. Amer. Mus. Novitates 3420: pp. 1-19.
  28. ^ You H.L., Q. Ji, J.L. Li J., and Y.X. Li. 2003. A new hadrosauroid dinosaur from the mid- Cretaceous of Liaoning, China. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 77 (2): pp. 148-154.
  29. ^ Dzik, J. 2003. A beaked herbivorous archosaur with dinosaur affinities from the early Late Triassic of Poland. J. Vert. Paleontol. 23 (3): pp. 556-574.
  30. ^ Kobayashi, Y., and J.-C. Lu. 2003. A new ornithomimid dinosaur with gregarious habits from the Late Cretaceous of China. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 48 (2): pp. 235-259.
  31. ^ Willamson, T.E., and T.D. Carr. 2003. A new genus of derived pachycephalosaurian from western North America. J. Vert. Paleontol. 22 (4): pp. 779-801.
  32. ^ Xu, X. and X.-L. Wang. 2003. A new maniraptorian dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation of Western Liaoning. Vertebrate Palasiatica Vol. 41 (3): pp. 195-202.
  33. ^ Weishampel, D.B., C.-M. Jianu, Z. Csiki, and D.B. Norman. 2003. Osteology and phylogeny of Zalmoxes (n.g.), an unusual euornithopod dinosaur from the latest Cretaceous of Romania. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 1 (2): pp. 65- 123.
  34. ^ Arucci, A. B., and Coria, R. A., 2003, A new Triassic carnivorous dinosaur from Argentina: Ameghiniana, v. 40, n. 2, p. 217-228.

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