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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils. This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, coprolites, palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 2000.

Dinosaurs

Newly named dinosaurs

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[1] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[2]


Name Status Authors Notes Images
Bambiraptor[3] Valid taxon
Pyroraptor olympius

Pyroraptor with a human to show scale.

Sauroposeidon-scale

Sauroposeidon with a human to show scale.

Byronosaurus[4] Valid taxon
  • Clark
Charonosaurus[5] Valid taxon
  • Godefroit
  • Zan
  • Jin L.
Chuanjiesaurus[6] Valid taxon
  • Fang
  • Pang
  • Lu
  • Zhang Z.
  • Pan
  • Wang Y.
  • Li X. K.
  • Cheng Z.
Fukuiraptor[7] Valid taxon
  • Azuma
"Ginnareemimus" Nomen nudum
  • Kaneko
Glyptodontopelta[8] Valid taxon
  • Ford
Graciliceratops[9] Valid taxon
Huabeisaurus[10] Valid taxon
  • Pang
  • Cheng Z.
Iguanoides Nomen nudum; synonym of Iguanodon

Conybeare vide:

  • Cadbury
Ilokelesia[11] Valid taxon
  • Salgado
Isanosaurus[12] Valid taxon
  • Buffetaut
  • Suteethorn
  • Cuny
  • Tong
  • Le Loeuff
  • Khansubha
  • Jongautchariyakul
Jeholosaurus[13] Valid taxon
  • You
Microraptor[14] Valid taxon
  • Wang X.
Nanyangosaurus[15] Valid taxon
Nomingia[16] Valid taxon
Nqwebasaurus[17] Valid taxon
  • de Klerk
  • Forster
  • Sampson
  • Chinsamy
  • Ross
"Ponerosteus"[18] Nomen dubium; possibly non-dinosaurian
Pyroraptor[19] Valid taxon
  • Allain
Rocasaurus[20] Valid taxon
  • Salgado
  • Azpilicueta
Saltriosaurus Nomen nudum
  • Dal Sasso
Sauroposeidon[21] Valid taxon
  • Wedel
  • Cifelli
  • Sanders
Tendaguria[22] Valid taxon
  • Wild

References

  1. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". http://www.polychora.com/dinolist.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-07. 
  2. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database". http://www.barry.edu/bio300/pdf/montague%20dino%20web%20data%2012-3-2005.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-10-29. 
  3. ^ Burnham, D.A., K.L. Derstler, P.J. Currie, R.T. Bakker, Z. Zhou, and J.H. Ostrom. 2000. Remarkable new birdlike dinosaur (Theropoda: Maniraptora) from the Upper Cretaceous of Montana. University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions 13: pp. 1-14.
  4. ^ Norell, M.A., P.J. Makovicky, and J.M. Clark. 2000. A new troodontid theropod from Ukhaa Tolgod, Mongolia. Jpornal of Vertebrate Paleontology 20: pp. 1-11.
  5. ^ Godefroit P., S. Zan, and L. Jin. 2000. Charonosaurus jiayinensis n.g., n.sp., a lambeosaurine dinosaur from the Late Maastrichtian of northeastern China. Comptes Rendus Académie des Sciences du Paris, Sciences de la Terre et des Planètes 330: pp. 875–882 (Paléontologie des Vertébrés).
  6. ^ Fang, Pang, Lü, Zhang, Pan, Wang, Li, and Cheng. 2000. Lower, Middle and Upper Jurassic divisions of the Lufeng region of Yunnan Province. Pp. 208-214 in: Proceedings of the Third National Stratigraphical Conference of China. Geological Publishing House, Beijing.
  7. ^ Azuma , Y. and P.J. Currie. 2000. A new carnosaur (Dinosauria: Theropoda) from the Lower Cretaceous of Japan. Can. J. Earth Sci. 37: pp. 1735-1753.
  8. ^ Ford, T.L. 2000. A review of ankylosaur osteoderms from New Mexico and a preliminary review of ankylosaur armor. In: Dinosaurs of New Mexico (S.G. Lucas and A.B. Heckert, eds.). New Mexico Museum of Natural History Bulletin 17: pp. 157-176.
  9. ^ Sereno, P.C. 2000. The fossil record, systematics and evolution of pachycephalosaurs and ceratopsians from Asia. In The Age of Dinosaurs in Russia and Mongolia (M.J. Benton, M.A. Shishkin, D.M. Unwin, and E.N. Kurochkin, eds.). Cambridge University Press, New York: pp. 480-516.
  10. ^ Pang and Cheng. 2000. A new family of sauropod dinosaur from the Upper Cretaceous of Tianzhen, Shanxi Province, China. Acta Geologica Sinica 74 (2): pp. 117-125.
  11. ^ Coria, R.A. and L. Salgado. 2000. A basal Abelisauria Novas 1992 (Theropoda- Ceratosauria) from the Cretaceous of Patagonia, Argentina. Gaia 15: pp. 89-102
  12. ^ Buffetaut, E., V. Suteethorn, G. Cuny, H. Tong, J. Le Loeuff, S. Khansubha, and S. Jongautchariyakui. 2000. The earliest known sauropod dinosaur. Nature 407: pp. 72–74.
  13. ^ Xu, X., X. Wang, and H. You. 2000. A primitive ornithopod from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation of Liaoning. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 38 (4): pp. 318-325.
  14. ^ Xu, X., Z. Zhou, and X. Wang. 2000. The smallest known non-avian theropod dinosaur. Nature 408: pp. 705-708.
  15. ^ Xu, Z., X.J. Zhao, J.-C. Lu, W.-B. Huang, Z.-Y. Li Z., and Z.-M. Dong. 2000. A new Iguanodontian from Sangping Formation of Neixiang, Henan and its stratigraphical implications. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 38 (3): pp. 176-191.
  16. ^ Barsbold, R., H. Osmólska, M. Watabe, P.J. Currie, and K. Tsogtbaatar. 2000. A new oviraptorosaur (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from Mongolia: the first dinosaur with a pygostyle. Acta Paleontologica Polonica 45 (2): pp. 97-106.
  17. ^ Klerk, W.J. de, C.A. Forster, S.D. Sampson, A. Chinsamy, and C.F. Ross. 2000. A new coelurosaurian dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous of South Africa. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 20 (2): pp. 324-332.
  18. ^ Olshevsky, G. 2000. An annotated checklist of dinosaur species by continent. Mesozoic Meanderings 3: pp. 1-157.
  19. ^ Allain, R. and P. Taquet. 2000. A new genus of Dromaeosauridae (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from the Upper Cretaceous of France. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 20 (2): pp. 404-407.
  20. ^ Salgado, L., and C. Azpilicueta. 2000. Un nuevo saltasaurino (Sauropoda, Titanosauridae) de la provincia de Rio Negro (Formacion Allen, Cretacico Superior), Patagonia, Argentina. Ameghiniana 37 (3): pp. 259-264.
  21. ^ Wedel M.J., R.L. Cifelli, and R.K. Sanders. 2000. Osteology, paleobiology, and relationships of the sauropod dinosaur Sauroposeidon. Acta Palaeontologica Polinica 45 (4): pp. 343–388.
  22. ^ Bonaparte, J.F., W.D. Heinrich, and R. Wild. 2000. Review of Janenschia Wild, with the description of a new sauropod from the Tendaguru beds of Tanzania and a discussion on the systematic value of procoelous caudal vertebrae in the Sauropoda. Palaeontographica A 256: pp. 25–76.

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