Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils. This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, coprolites, palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1988.


Newly named dinosaursEdit

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[1] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[2]

Name Status Authors Notes Images
Anserimimus[3] Valid taxon

"Cathetosaurus"[4] Junior synonym of Camarasaurus
"Chassternbergia"[5] Junior synonym of Edmontonia
"Denversaurus"[5] Junior synonym of Edmontonia
"Giraffatitan" Junior synonym of Brachiosaurus
"Hironosaurus" Nomen nudum
"Kagasaurus" 'Nomen nudum
Kotasaurus[6] Valid taxon
Nanotyrannus[7] Possible junior synonym of Tyrannosaurus.
Orodromeus[8] Valid taxon
"Protognathus"[9] Later renamed Protognathosaurus by George Olshevsky
  • Zhang Y. H.
"Stenotholus"[10] Junior synonym of Stygimoloch
  • Giffin
  • Gabriel
  • Johnson


  1. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved on 2008-08-07. 
  2. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database". Retrieved on 2008-10-29. 
  3. ^ Barsbold, R. 1988. A new late Cretaceous ornithomimid of Mongolia [in Russian]. Paleontol. J. 1: pp. 122-125.
  4. ^ Jensen, J.A. 1988. A fourth new sauropod dinosaur from the Upper Jurassic of the Colorado Plateau and sauropod bipedalism. Great Basin Nat. 48 (2), pp. 121-145.
  5. ^ a b Bakker, R. T. 1988. Review of the late Cretaceous Nodosaurid Dinosauria, Denversaurus schlessmani, a new armor-plated dinosaur from the Latest Cretaceous of South Dakota, the Last Survivor of the Nodosaurians, with comments on Stegosaur-Nodosaur Relationships. Hunteria 1 (3), pp. 3-23.
  6. ^ Yadagiri, P. 1988. A new sauropod Kotasaurus yamanpalliensis from Lower Jurassic Kota Formation of India. Records of the Geological Survey of India 116 (3-8): pp. 102-127.
  7. ^ Bakker, R.T., M. Williams, and P. Currie. 1988. Nanotyrannus, a new genus of pygmy tyrannosaur, from the latest Cretaceous of Montana. Hunteria 1: pp. 1-30.
  8. ^ Horner, J.R. and D.B. Weishampel. 1988. A comparative embryological study of two ornithischian dinosaurs. Nature 332: pp. 256- 257.
  9. ^ Olshevsky, G. 1991. A Revision of the Parainfraclass Archosauria Cope, 1869, Excluding the Advanced Crocodylia. Mesozoic Meanderings 2 (1st printing): iv + 196 pages.
  10. ^ Giffin, E. B., D.L. Gabriel, and R.E. Johnson. 1987. A new pachycephalosaurid skull (Ornithischia) from the Cretaceous Hell Creek Formation of Montana. J. Vert. Palaeontol. 7 (4); pp. 398-407.

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