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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils. This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, coprolites, palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1983.

DinosaursEdit

Newly named dinosaursEdit

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[1] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[2]

Name Status Authors Notes Images
Adasaurus[3] Valid taxon
Datousaurus

"Lancangosaurus" later given the formal name Datousaurus.

Arkanosaurus[4] Nomen nudum.
  • Sattler
Changtusaurus[5] Nomen nudum.
Chungkingosaurus[6] Valid taxon
  • Zhang Y. H.
Coloradisaurus[7] Valid taxon
  • Lambert
Damalasaurus[5] Nomen nudum.
Enigmosaurus[8] Possible junior synonym of Erlikosaurus.
  • Perle
Gongbusaurus[6] Valid taxon
  • Zhang Y. H.
Lancangosaurus[6] Nomen nudum. Later named Datousaurus.

Zhao Xijin vide:

  • Zhang Y. H.
Lancanjiangosaurus[5] Nomen nudum.
Megacervixosaurus[5] Nomen nudum.
Microdontosaurus[9] Nomen nudum.
Ngexisaurus[5] Nomen nudum.
Ornatotholus[10] Possible junior synonym of Stegoceras.
Quaesitosaurus[11] Valid taxon

Bannikov & Sergei Kurzanov vide:

  • Bannikov
Sangonghesaurus[5] Nomen nudum. Possibly an early named for Tianchisaurus.
Shamosaurus[12] Valid taxon
  • Tumanova
Shunosaurus[6] Valid taxon
  • Zhang Y. H.
Stygimoloch[13] Valid taxon
Tianchungosaurus[5] Nomen nudum.
Ultrasaurus[14] Nomen dubium.
  • Kim H. M.
Xiaosaurus[15] Valid taxon
  • Tang Z.
Zizhongosaurus[6] Valid taxon
  • Zhang Y. H.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". http://www.polychora.com/dinolist.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-07. 
  2. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database". http://www.barry.edu/bio300/pdf/montague%20dino%20web%20data%2012-3-2005.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-10-29. 
  3. ^ Barsbold, R. 1983. Carnivorous Dinosaurs from the Cretaceous of Mongolia: The Joint Soviet- Mongolian Palaeontological Expedition, Transactions (Volume 19), pp. 1-117.
  4. ^ Sattler, H. 1983. The illustrated dinosaur dictionary. Lothrop, Lee and Shepard Books, NY (315 pages).
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Zhao, X. 1983. Phylogeny and Evolutionary Stages of Dinosauria. Acta Palaeontologia Polonica 28 (1/2): pp. 295-306.
  6. ^ a b c d e Dong, Z., S. Zhou, and Y. Zhang. 1983. Dinosaurs from the Jurassic of Sichuan. Palaeontologica Sinica Whole Number 162 New Series C, Number 23 (edited by Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology and Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology Academia Sinica): pp. 1-136. Science Press Peking, 1983 + 43 plates.
  7. ^ Lambert, D. 1993. The Ultimate Dinosaur Book, Dorling Kindersley Book, London (192 pages) [see p. 173 for Coloradisaurus].
  8. ^ Barsbold, R. and A. Perle. 1983. On taphonomy of a joint burial of juvenile dinosaurs and some aspects of their ecology. Sovmestnaya Sovetsko- Mongolskaya Paleontologichekaya Ekspeditsia. Trudy 24: pp. 121-125.
  9. ^ Zhao, X. 1986. The Jurassic system of China: stratigraphy of China 11 pp. 286-348.
  10. ^ Galton, P.M. and H.-D.Sues. 1983. New data on pachycephalosaurid dinosaurs (Reptilia: Ornithischia) from North America. Can. J. Earth Sci. 20: pp. 462-473.
  11. ^ Bannikov & Kurzanov vide Kurzanov, S. M., and A.F. Bannikov. 1983. A new sauropod from the Upper Cretaceous of Mongolia. Palaeontological Journal 17 (2): pp. 91-97.
  12. ^ Tumanova, T.A. 1983. The first ankylosaur from the Lower Cretaceous of Mongolia. Sovm. Sov.- Mong. Paleontol. Eksped. Trudy 24: pp. 110-120.
  13. ^ Galton, P.M. and H.-D.Sues. 1983. New data on pachycephalosaurid dinosaurs (Reptilia: Ornithischia) from North America. Can. J. Earth Sci. 20: pp. 462-473.
  14. ^ Kim, H.M. 1983. Cretaceous dinosaurs from Korea. J. Geol. Soc. Korea 19 (3): pp. 115-126.
  15. ^ Dong, Z. and Z. Tang. 1983. A short report on the dinosaur fauna from Dashanpu, Zigong, Sichuan. II. Ornithopoda. Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology Paleoanthropology, Academia Sinica. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 21 (2): pp. 168- 171.

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