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            List of years in paleontology       (table)
 1851 .  1852 .  1853 .  1854  . 1855  . 1856  . 1857 
1858 1859 1860 -1861- 1862 1863 1864
 1865 .  1866 .  1867 .  1868  . 1869  . 1870  . 1871 

Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils. This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, coprolites, palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1861.

DinosaursEdit

Name Status Authors Notes

Archaeopteryx

Misidentification.

von Meyer

Bird.

Echinodon

Valid

Sir Richard Owen

Griphosaurus

Nomen rejectum

Wagner

Rejected in favor of Archaeopteryx.

Sauraechmodon

Nomen nudum

Falconer

Later named Echinodon.

Teratosaurus

Misidentification.

von Meyer

Misidentified teratosaurid archosaur.

PterosaursEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Status Authors Notes

Scaphognathus

Valid

Wagner

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